the Finger Plan at 70 


There is another major anniversary for the city this year because the famous Copenhagen Fingerplan - a planning framework for the city - was produced in 1947.

It accepted that following the war, and for clear economic reasons, there would have to be not just rebuilding and regeneration in the city itself but extensive growth outwards but there was also a determination to control unplanned suburban spread.

So the Fingerplan recognised that although people wanted to move out of the overcrowded city they would have to travel back into the city either for work or for shopping and leisure and took, as a starting point, existing lines of a suburban railway system or S-trains that ran out from the city.

By restricting the sites allocated to new housing as broad but clearly defined lines, there could be areas of countryside left between the new municipalities that could be used for agriculture and for leisure and the plan proposed that some large areas could be planted with trees for new woods and forests.

The plan has served the city well and now covers 34 municipalities with over 2 million people living within the area and the new buildings constructed through the 1950s and 1960s and onwards included housing, municipal shopping centres, new schools, new city halls for local government and new factories.

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