This report from the engineering consultants ARUP sets out many of the important principles that now guide planning policies for the city of Copenhagen.
It has a short introduction by Frank Jensen - the major of Copenhagen - where he writes about the efficient use of limited resources and concludes that "It was thought that environmentally friendly development would limit economic growth. However, quite the reverse turns out to be true. Green growth can, indeed, boost economic development and the quality of life .… the business of introducing sustainability into the city poses very different issues than affecting it in the country as a whole … and require city specific solutions."
The report sets out the problems and some of the solutions that the city has adopted - often through the use of innovative technology - and the achievements, in terms of environmental gains, along with lessons to be learnt.
There are good, clear graphics, a lot of information and interesting details about projects under eight main sections.
Headings for those sections of the report give a good indication of priorities for the city, in terms of sustainability, both now and for the future ….
THE HARBOUR TURNS BLUE
MEETING THE RISING DEMAND FOR WATER
CYCLING: THE FAST WAY FORWARD
TRANSPORT: THE GREEN LIGHT
MAKING THE MOST OF WASTE
THE FORCE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR WIND POWER
KEEPING THE CITY WARM EFFICIENTLY
KEEPING COOL UNDER CO2 PRESSURE
just a few of the facts:
22% of Denmark's total electrical consumption is produced from wind turbines … the highest proportion in the World
there are 42 kilometres of Greenways through the city where cycling is prioritised
waste sent to landfill is now less than 5% of the amount dealt with in that way in 1988
the city heating system is one of the largest in the World and supplies 500,000 people with reliable and affordable heating