Grønne Funkishus Nordre Fasanvej 78-82
In Copenhagen, in the apartment buildings in 1920s and 1930s, there is a clear change from the apartments that were constructed in the late 19th and early 20th century. Plans became simpler, generally more compact and certainly more rational in their arrangement of the rooms and staircases and externally decoration was reduced or omitted completely.
In the 19th century each building is different from the next, often with relatively ornate doorways, carvings and complex mouldings and, inside, the arrangement of the apartments was often dictated by a narrow plot with existing buildings on either side that determined where and how windows to the back could be arranged. Even within a building, there were often differences between one floor and the next in both ceiling heights and in the quality of fittings.
By the 1920s, because many of these new buildings were on new sites outside the old city, there is generally a greater sense of uniformity within larger and larger buildings. In this period, immediately after the First World War, there was a severe housing shortage and to a considerable extent the functionalism and the adoption of new building techniques was driven by a need to build as many apartments as possible and as quickly as possible.
And by 1930 there might be some apartments with one bedroom and some with two and occasionally some apartments with three or more bedrooms, even within a single building, but usually fittings in every apartment and the style and arrangement of common areas within one building were the same. In other words, apartment buildings were different in plan and style to apartments built just twenty years earlier but actually are very familiar and in many ways barely different from apartment buildings now - some eighty years on.